Whether you're planning on tearing up your basement floor to build an elaborate new man cave or you just need to smooth out some uneven patches of concrete on your garage floor, either way, you need somewhere to hammer hard liquor in peace.
So what's the ideal power tool you likely already own that you can use to successfully to complete such a task? An angle grinder of course. Using an angle grinder to create a smooth polished looking finish on concrete flooring can be achieved with a decent degree of tenacity and a few supplementary accessories.
Honestly, this job will be a cakewalk for you. All you really need is several hours of your precious free time that is rapidly disappearing, a few essential attachments for your angle grinder, a wet/dry vacuum with a bit of oomph, and a couple of crucial PPE items to help keep you upright.
So in other words, if you have everything that's deemed imperative to conduct this job safely and effectively, you'll be able to transform that shitshow of a concrete floor of yours into something sensationally smooth. Either way, continue reading and we'll fill in the blanks for you to pragmatically remodel your concrete floor like a pro.
Can I Use an Angle Grinder on Concrete?
Let's start by saying that an angle grinder isn't the only tool you can use to smooth out or cut concrete with, but it is the most practical and cost-effective option for DIYers. If your sole occupation doesn't revolve around you lugging bags of cement around a building site on a daily basis, you might be unaware of what tools of this age-old trade are necessary.
Now while that trusty angle grinder of yours can be utilized to cut through dense compound materials like metal or concrete, it can only do so if you're using the right wheel. There are two different wheels typically used to cut and smooth out concrete.
For cutting concrete, you should make use of a diamond blade that can be used for both wet and dry cutting of concrete. A diamond blade is an exceedingly versatile asset to have at your disposal as it can slice and dice everything from stone to granite, brickwork, and even tile.
When attempting to exploit your angle grinder to manipulate such a robust surface as concrete, you need to first fit a diamond cup wheel. This type of grinding wheel vigorously removes deteriorated paintwork, degrading wallpaper material, glues, epoxy resins, and other surface coatings you like (metaphorically) banished to the shadowland.
So yeah, it's safe to say that when it comes to assaulting unsightly concrete you'd like to smooth out or even butcher with the right blade, an angle grinder is perfect.
How do You Smooth Concrete With an Angle Grinder?
The most preferable way to smooth a rough concrete surface would be by utilizing a wet angle grinder. This tool helps streamline the entire process and also drastically reduces the potentially harmful effects of airborne particles like silica dust.
If you're unaware of the hazardous impact silica dust could have on your health if sufficient safety precautions are not administered, you might be rather shocked. It's estimated that in Australia alone, over 230 per year develop lung cancer due to silica dust exposure.
While there are risks associated with grinding and cutting concrete, these risks can be effectively eliminated if you take safety seriously and wear the recommended PPE gear.
In the construction industry, you conduct what is known as a JSA or JHA before you commence any job. This is really just a risk assessment that helps you analyze the task at hand before you actually start. Ultimately, this procedure is undertaken to merely act as a (safety) refresher for operators in the industry they are already qualified in, but, it's also deemed a legal document.
Now while you don't have to roll out the same kind of draconian safeguards for your one-man (or woman) DIY operation, it does give you an idea of the kinds of preventive measures that have implemented to protect workers in recent times.
Alright, on that note, before you even consider firing the angle grinder to pound the pavement, you should assess what inventory you already have and what's missing for you to complete this job constructively, and more to the point, safely.
On that note, here are a few essential, and even non-essential, but highly beneficial items you will require to effectively smooth concrete.
What You'll Need
- Respiratory protective mask protecting your lungs from airborne particles; including concrete and silica dust
- A decent set of knee pads to protect your knees while kneeling on the concrete floor
- Quality hearing protection as cutting and grinder concrete can generate up to 104.8 dBA
- Standard anti-fog safety glasses (low profile glasses are the better option if you're wearing a mask)
- Wet/dry vacuum with a power cord that is of adequate length
- A surface grinding dust shroud that will fit the size of grinder you're using
- Thinset removal bit which will come in handy if you're moving tile
- Some diamond polishing pads for both wet/dry (great for polishing stone slab surfaces)
- A pressure washer with a decent amount of oomph (you can always hire one for the day)
- And, if you already don't have one, an angle grinder
Okay, so let's assume you've got every mandatory piece of equipment to productively smooth out this problematic concrete surface in question.
The process I'll explain here will presume that you are removing everything from deteriorated paint and epoxy, to even old degraded Thinset or remaining residue after you've removed some vinyl tile.
Here's a step-by-step process for conducting this job in the most efficient manner:
- Prep the floor area by cleaning it appropriately. You can simply vacuum and mop the floor or if it's a complete and utter debacle, you may need to utilize a pressure washer to appropriately clean the surface.
- Once the surface area is sufficiently clean, you should run an extension lead for your wet/dry vacuum and angle grinder if it's not a cordless grinder.
- The next step involves connecting your dust shroud to the angle grinder. The dust shroud should be securely fitted to the grinder by tightening the clamp fitting on the suction hood which will the lock the shroud in place.
- Next, you'll need to connect the vacuum nozzle to the vacuum adapter on the dust shroud and then likewise to the wet/dry vacuum inlet.
- Now, with the power still disconnected to your angle grinder, you can fit whichever wheel you plan on smoothing your surface with to your grinder (I recommend you start with a diamond polishing pad).
- With everything connected and in place, you should now make use of your safety gear by fitting your mask, gloves, earplugs, and knee pads.
- Okay, so you can release the hounds and begin smoothing the surface area by working the angle grinder around the perimeter of the room.
- Once you've smoothed out the perimeter edges of the floor space, you can now work your way inwards manipulating the angle grinder in circular motions which will deliver a greater degree of consistency.
- Now that you've smoothed the larger part of the surface area, you'll notice that you'll be left with an untouched section of concrete around the perimeter zone. This is unfortunately caused by the dust shroud plastic lip which obstructs the grinding wheel from smoothing the surface closest to the wall.
- To rectify this, you can remove the dust shroud from your angle grinder and go over these leftover sections focusing on any areas of concern.
You'll probably have to continually keep emptying the waste materials that the wet/dry vac collects throughout this entire operation as the average vacuum only has around 6-gallon capacity. This sort of inconvenience can be avoided by utilizing a wet angle grinder/polisher, although, if this a one-time job, I'd recommend you either stick with the method mentioned and suck it up (literally) or hire a wet angle grinder. Buying a tool like a wet angle grinder you'll probably use once, isn't very fiscally friendly.
Well, that's pretty much it. You can now get to cleaning and degreasing the slab and once you've finished playing Mrs. Doubtfire, you can apply any coats you desire.
How do You Smooth a Rough Concrete Patio?
As you're likely already aware, concrete is an extremely durable substance that provides a level of longevity that hardwood or even tile tends to lack. For this very reason, concrete is a brilliant choice for both floor and wall surface finishes. You can also finish concrete so that it showcases a fantastic wet look with either a low gloss or high gloss acrylic concrete sealer.
But, over time, and with enough wear and tear, your concrete will begin to look like Nick Nolte after a 4-day bender with Charlie Sheen as his wingman. If you're now facing this predicament with your patio, thankfully, you can redeem your now FUBAR patio surface and turn back the hands of time to restore your patio to it's once former glory.
How do you achieve this you ask? The better alternative when it comes to transforming your tired old concrete patio is to resurface it. You can attain an outstanding finished surface for your aged patio by using some basic materials and household tools.
Now, for this job to go smoothly (get it), you'll need a few things. Some of these items you might have to buy, others you'll hopefully already have, and few you'll be able to hire.
Here's Everything You'll Need
- A basic no-frills mason broom
- Synthetic bristle masonry brush
- A paint roller to apply the bonding adhesive
- Roll of masking tape
- Some concrete degreaser
- A 36-inch squeegee or a finishing trowel
- Paddle mixer that will fit your cordless drill
- Ideally, a pressure washer (you can definitely hire one if need be)
- Multi-purpose repair material like Cement All
- High-quality bonding adhesive (also referred to as glue)
- Concrete resurfacing material or sand to DIY mix your own
- And, a clear coat sealer to protect the new surface area
So, presuming you have all that is necessary, you can start the process by following the detailed steps outlined below.
- The first and most simple step in the process is to remove any loose material or concrete flaking from the surface area which can be done using an angle grinder with a diamond cup wheel.
- Now you'll want to get rid of any dust and dirt ideally from the concrete slab with a leaf blower (best to wear a mask when you're doing this) or just sweep the area adequately with a broom.
- Next, you're going to have to wash and scrub your concrete patio surface using a pressure washer or if you don't have access to a pressure washer, you can always scrub and mop the surface clean.
- Now you'll want to break out some concrete degreaser to remove any contaminants from the concrete. It's best to apply the degreaser and then rigorously scrub the surface of the concrete with a broom.
- After you've spread enough of the degreaser on the surface area of the concrete and scrubbed it thoroughly, you should go over the entire area again with a pressure washer.
- Next, on the list is repairing any cracks and or gaps in the concrete using a multi-purpose repair material like Cement All which repair fractures & hardens damaged concrete to structural strength.
- Once you've patched up the troubling cracks and gaps, you'll now need to apply masking tape to any expansion joints, walls or any other surface you don't want to be exposed to the multi-purpose cement mix.
- Before applying any resurfacing material, you'll want to apply a bonding adhesive using a paint roller to help establish a solid bond between the resurfacing material and concrete.
- Further apply bonding adhesive using a paintbrush to any hard to reach areas of the concrete that you could not coat correctly with the paint roller.
- Now you'll want to mix some resurfacer compound (or sand) in a bucket with the required amount of water (around 7 to 1 ratio) and mix them together using a paddle mixer until you get a cake-like consistency.
- Sparingly spray the concrete surface you're going to be resurfacing with water so that you'll be applying the mixed resurfacer compound to damp concrete.
- Now simply use a squeegee to pull and push the resurfacer product evenly across the entire surface area of the concrete until you get a nice uniform thin layer.
- While the resurfacer product is still wet, you want to drag a mason broom over the entire section of concrete you just coated to remove any irregularities or marks left behind while using your squeegee.
- If you're resurfacing a sizeable patio area, you may need to dampen the untreated concrete area as you go to ensure that the resurfacer product is administered smoothly.
- Lastly, once the newly resurfaced concrete is completely dry, you will need to apply a clear coat sealer to repel any contaminants like; oil or salt. This final step will not only give your freshly resurfaced concrete new lease on life, but it will also bring out the best in your concrete patio aesthetically.
Well, that's about the gist of it. Just repeat the procedure as advised until you've covered the concrete surface area appropriately.
This kind of job does have a bit of prep involved with it, but once you get going and get into the swing of things, you should likely be able to complete this in a day or two.
So hopefully you've gained some valuable new insight on the correct method on how to use an angle grinder to smooth concrete surfaces. With the right tools and personal protective equipment, you'll be able to smooth and finish any unsightly looking concrete surface with a bit of practice and perseverance.
For you to achieve absolute DIY grandeur in the concrete resurfacing department, you'll simply have to test your patience until you possess the adequate skills. Keep in mind that if this is your first time attempting a resurfacing or smoothing job around the home, that concreting is an actual trade that individuals have spent years mastering their craft in.
So, work safely and efficiently, and don't be afraid to ask for help from a beer buddy that you could probably compensate with more beer for services rendered.